septic design

Septic Design And How These Systems Work

Feb 21, 2024 | Septic Design | 0 comments

Septic design is a system through which domestic wastewater flows for basic sewage treatment, and can be more environmentally friendly than sewer systems. 

Civil Solutions Group proudly offers professional services for septic design in Utah. Let’s take a look at how these systems work and the benefits they can provide. 

Features Of Septic Systems

Most septic systems consist of a septic tank and a drainfield or soil absorption field.

The main features of the septic tank is to digest organic matter in wastewater and separate solids and floating matter like oils and grease. 

Soil-based septic systems, commonly known as conventional systems, discharge from the septic tank into either perforated pipes that have been buried in a leach field, chambers, or other units. Once the liquid has been discharged to these units, it’s slowly released into specially designated soil called a drainfield. 

Some other types of septic systems utilize gravity or pumps to help the liquid drain into sand, organic matter like sawdust or peat, or specially constructed wetlands in order to neutralize or eliminate pollutants and contaminants. 

Other alternative systems work to disinfect the wastewater before it’s discharged into the soil or evaporate the wastewater altogether. 

Conventional Septic Systems

Here’s a deeper look at how typical conventional septic systems work. 

First, water runs from the home to one main drainage pipe then into a septic tank. The septic tank is buried underground in a watertight container that’s typically constructed using fiberglass, concrete, or polyethylene. The tank securely holds the wastewater while solids settle as sludge at the bottom and oil and grease, called scum, floats to the top. 

At that point, the wastewater exits the septic tank into a shallow, covered drainfield in the soil. The wastewater is then discharged through pipes so it can be filtered through the soil where it’s treated and safely discharged to groundwater. 

The last step is for the wastewater to percolate into the soil, removing harmful viruses, bacteria, and nutrients in the process. 

Septic Design In Utah

It’s crucial to make sure your septic system is designed and constructed to the highest quality in order to avoid any backups or hazards. Civil Solutions Group can help with all of your needs for septic design in Utah

Contact Civil Solutions Group to get started on your next septic design project.

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